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Apparatus in Arabic works - Omer Shifâî
Omer Shifâî (?-1742) wrote his book Javhar al-Farîd fî al-Tibbi 'l-Jadîd. It opens with a definition and short history of chemistry, and then explians that Paracelsus (Cermanî Baraklisus) had described the characteristics of different minerals and their effects, the way these minerals are influenced and directed by the movements of the heavens, and the origin of the plant and animal species. The manuscript included some drawings of apparatus influenced by European sources.
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